La neurologie est la spécialité médicale consacrée à l'étude et au traitement des maladies touchant le système nerveux central (cerveau, moelle épinière) ou périphérique (racines et nerfs), ainsi que des maladies musculaires.
Le neurologue s'occupe également des migraines et autres céphalées, vertiges et troubles de l’équilibre, douleurs de la face, cervico-brachiales et lombo-sciatiques.
A patient is usually referred to neurology by their doctor or specialist because their diagnosis or treatment requires the expertise of a neurologist.
The neurologist will then take over the patient’s follow-up for this specific neurological problem.
As mentioned in the previous section, the sudden onset of neurological symptoms should cause concern and requires urgent medical care: you need to call 144.
Neurologists look after patients who have neurological conditions and disorders, such as strokes, multiple sclerosis, Guillain-Barré syndrome, Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, migraines, neurological balance disorders and dizziness, cervical and lumbar disc herniations, facial paralysis, myasthenia gravis and neuropathy.
You may experience several symptoms following neurological damage to either your central or peripheral nervous system, including weakness, numbness or tingling, difficulty going to the toilet or incontinence, loss of balance, confusion, loss of memory, headaches, nausea, vomiting, loss of smell, loss of hearing, loss of vision, difficulty speaking, difficulty walking, loss of consciousness, fainting and seizures.
It is important that you can recognise the signs of a stroke because strokes require urgent medical care (call 144 immediately). The warning signs are: paralysis, numbness of weakness in the arms or legs or down one side of the body, communication problems (difficulty speaking), sudden loss or blurring of vision, loss of balance or coordination and difficulty understanding what others are saying.
Neurologists may carry out further tests themselves, such as an electroencephalography or an electroneuromyography. In other cases, they may refer patients for a lumbar puncture, a blood test or an MRI or CT scan for detailed images of the brain or spine.
An electromyography is an important test for diagnosing and monitoring epilepsy. An electroencephalography is used to detect and investigate peripheral nervous system conditions, such as radiculopathy, neuropathy and neuromuscular junction and muscular disorders.
Treatment depends on the type of nervous system disorder and its cause. Medicines can be used to prevent or treat neurological conditions. Care delivered by a multidisciplinary team during diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation is also essential for improving the functional prognosis of a patient.
It is difficult to prevent most neurological conditions. However, the best way to help prevent a stroke is to have a healthy lifestyle and reduce cardiovascular risk factors.
Neurorehabilitation is a key step in helping patients to safely and smoothly return to everyday life.
Specialising in neurorehabilitation, Clinique Valmont supports patients with neurological conditions, such as Parkinson’s disease and multiple sclerosis, as well as those suffering from lasting neurological damage due to a stroke.
Swiss Medical Network patients can enjoy exclusive benefits during their rehabilitation programme at Clinique Valmont.
The clinic has partnered with all supplementary health insurance providers.